# Understanding The Pivot Points

Pivot points are horizontal lines on a price chart that indicate potential levels of support and resistance. They are calculated based on the previous d...

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## What are Pivot Points?

Pivot points are horizontal lines on a price chart that indicate potential levels of support and resistance. They are calculated based on the previous day's high, low, and closing prices. The concept behind pivot points is that they can help traders identify key price levels at which the market may reverse or consolidate.

## Formula and Calculation

The most commonly used formula for calculating pivot points is the Standard Pivot Formula. It is calculated as follows:

Pivot Point (P) = (High + Low + Close) / 3 Support 1 (S1) = (2 * P) - High

Support 2 (S2) = P - (High - Low)

Support 3 (S3) = Low - 2 * (High - P) Resistance 1 (R1) = (2 * P) - Low

Resistance 2 (R2) = P + (High - Low) Resistance 3 (R3) = High + 2 * (P - Low)

These calculations provide traders with potential support and resistance levels for the next trading day.

### Uses of Pivot Points

Pivot points have several uses in technical analysis and trading strategies. Some of the common uses include:

1. Identifying support and resistance levels: Pivot points help traders identify levels at which the market is likely to reverse or consolidate. Traders can use these levels to make trading decisions, such as entering or exiting positions.

2. Setting profit targets and stop-loss levels: Pivot points can be used to set profit targets and stop-loss levels. Traders can place profit targets near the next resistance level and stop-loss levels near the next support level.

3. Confirming trend reversals: When the price breaks above a resistance level or below a support level, it can indicate a potential trend reversal. Pivot points can help traders confirm these reversals and take appropriate trading actions.

4. Trading breakouts: Traders can use pivot points to identify breakout levels. A breakout occurs when the price moves above a resistance level or below a support level. Traders can enter trades when a breakout occurs and use pivot points to set profit targets and stop-loss levels.

## Combining Pivot Points with Other Indicators

While pivot points can be used as a standalone tool, they are often combined with other technical indicators to enhance their effectiveness. Some commonly used indicators to combine with pivot points include:

1. Moving averages: Traders can use moving averages to confirm the direction of the trend and identify potential support and resistance levels. When the price is above the moving average, it can act as a support level, and when the price is below the moving average, it can act as a resistance level.

2. Fibonacci retracement levels: Fibonacci retracement levels can help traders identify potential support and resistance levels based on the Fibonacci sequence. Traders can use these levels in conjunction with pivot points to confirm key price levels.

3. Oscillators: Oscillators such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or Stochastic Oscillator can help traders identify overbought or oversold conditions. Traders can use these indicators in combination with pivot points to identify potential reversal points.

For algorithmic traders, pivot points can be a valuable tool to incorporate into their trading strategies. Here are some tips for algorithmic traders using pivot points:

1. Backtest your strategy: Before deploying a pivot point-based strategy, it is essential to backtest it using historical data. This will help you assess the strategy's performance and make any necessary adjustments.

2. Consider multiple timeframes: Pivot points can be calculated for different timeframes, such as daily, weekly, or monthly. Algorithmic traders can consider using multiple timeframes to identify key levels of support and resistance.

3. Combine with other indicators: As mentioned earlier, combining pivot points with other indicators can enhance their effectiveness. Algorithmic traders can explore different combinations of indicators to improve their trading strategies.

## Biography of the Developer

Pivot points were introduced by a trader named Jesse Livermore in the early 20th century. Livermore was a legendary stock trader who made a fortune through his trading skills. He developed the concept of pivot points as part of his trading methodology and used them to identify key levels in the market. Livermore's biography is filled with ups and downs, as he experienced both great success and devastating losses throughout his trading career. Despite the challenges he faced, Livermore's contributions to the field of technical analysis, including pivot points, continue to be widely used by traders to this day.

Pivot points are a powerful tool in the arsenal of traders, including algorithmic traders. They provide valuable insights into potential support and resistance levels in financial markets. By understanding the formula and calculation of pivot points, their uses, and how to combine them with other indicators, traders can make more informed trading decisions. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced trader, incorporating pivot points into your trading strategy can help improve your chances of success.