Renko Charts

The origin of Renko charts can be traced back to Japan, where they were first used in the 18th century by rice traders. The word "Renko" translates to "brick"



1/1/20244 min read

a close up of a cell phone on a table
a close up of a cell phone on a table

Origin and Historical Development

The origin of Renko charts can be traced back to Japan, where they were first used in the 18th century by rice traders. The word "Renko" translates to "brick" in Japanese, which reflects the construction of these charts. The development of Renko charts was influenced by the concept of "Three Line Break" charts, which also aimed to filter out noise and focus on price movements.

Basic Principles and Construction

The basic principle of Renko charts is to represent price movements in the form of bricks or blocks. Each brick has a fixed size, which is determined by the trader based on their preference and the market they are trading. The direction of the brick, either up or down, depends on the price movement required to surpass the brick's size.

For example, if the brick size is set to 10 points and the price moves up by 10 points or more, a new brick will be added above the previous one. Conversely, if the price moves down by 10 points or more, a new brick will be added below the previous one. This construction method ensures that each brick represents a significant price movement, filtering out smaller fluctuations.

Differences from Other Charts

Renko charts differ from other popular chart types, such as candlesticks, bars, and lines, in several ways:

  • Candlesticks: Candlestick charts provide more detailed information about price movements within a specific time period, including opening and closing prices, highs, and lows. Renko charts, on the other hand, focus solely on price movements and do not consider time or volume.

  • Bars: Bar charts also provide detailed information about price movements within a specific time period, but they do not filter out noise as effectively as Renko charts. Renko charts eliminate the noise caused by time and volume fluctuations, providing a clearer view of price action.

  • Lines: Line charts connect the closing prices of each time period, creating a continuous line. While line charts are useful for identifying trends, they do not provide the same level of detail as Renko charts.

Setup and Customization

Setting up Renko charts involves two main considerations: block size selection and customization options.

Block Size Selection

The block size determines the minimum price movement required to add a new brick to the chart. Traders can choose a block size based on their trading strategy, risk tolerance, and the market they are trading. A smaller block size will generate more bricks and provide more detailed information about price movements, while a larger block size will filter out smaller fluctuations and provide a broader view of the overall trend.

Settings for Various Markets

Renko charts can be used in various markets, including stocks, forex, and commodities. However, the block size selection may vary depending on the market's volatility and price range. Traders need to consider the characteristics of each market and adjust the block size accordingly to ensure the Renko chart effectively represents price movements.

Tools and Software

There are several tools and software available that can help traders create and analyze Renko charts. Some popular trading platforms offer built-in Renko charting capabilities, while others provide third-party plugins or standalone software specifically designed for Renko charting. These tools often include additional features such as pattern recognition, trendline drawing, and indicator integration, enhancing the usability and effectiveness of Renko charts.

Interpreting Renko Charts

Interpreting Renko charts requires an understanding of the patterns, signals, and trends they represent. Here are some key factors to consider:

Pattern and Signal Reading

Renko charts can reveal various patterns and signals that indicate potential price movements. These patterns can include trend reversals, consolidations, breakouts, and support/resistance levels. Traders can utilize their knowledge of technical analysis to identify and interpret these patterns and signals, helping them make informed trading decisions.

Color and Block Direction Importance

The color of the bricks in Renko charts can provide valuable information about the direction of price movements. Typically, green or white bricks represent bullish movements, while red or black bricks represent bearish movements. By observing the color and direction of the bricks, traders can gain insights into the prevailing market sentiment and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

Trend and Consolidation Identification

Renko charts are particularly useful for identifying trends and consolidations. A series of bricks moving in the same direction indicates a trend, while a cluster of bricks with minimal price movement suggests a consolidation phase. Traders can use trendlines, moving averages, or other technical indicators to confirm and validate these trends and consolidations.

Renko Chart Trading Strategies

Traders have developed various trading strategies specifically designed for Renko charts. These strategies often focus on price action and aim to capitalize on the patterns and signals identified on the charts. Here are some examples:

Price Action-Based Strategies

Price action-based strategies involve analyzing the patterns and signals on Renko charts to make trading decisions. This can include identifying trend reversals, breakouts, or support/resistance levels and entering or exiting trades accordingly. Traders can combine price action analysis with other technical indicators or tools to enhance the accuracy of their trading signals.

Examples for Different Markets

Renko charts can be applied to various markets, and trading strategies can be tailored to each market's characteristics. For example, in the stock market, traders may focus on identifying trend reversals or breakouts in individual stocks. In the forex market, traders may use Renko charts to analyze currency pairs and identify potential trading opportunities. Similarly, in the commodities market, Renko charts can be used to track price movements of commodities such as gold, oil, or agricultural products.

Technical Indicator Integration

Traders can integrate technical indicators into Renko charts to further enhance their trading strategies. Popular indicators such as moving averages, oscillators, or volume-based indicators can be used to confirm or validate the patterns and signals identified on Renko charts. However, it's important to note that not all indicators are suitable for Renko charts, as some may not consider the unique characteristics of these charts.

In conclusion, Renko charts provide traders with a simplified and focused view of price movements. By filtering out noise caused by time and volume fluctuations, Renko charts can help traders identify patterns, signals, and trends more effectively. With the right setup, customization, and interpretation, Renko charts can be a valuable tool in a trader's technical analysis toolkit.

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